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N-L-M

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  1. Tank You
    N-L-M got a reaction from Stimpy75 in Turkish airstrikes on Syrian AFVs   
    5km is approx 16000 ft. At that altitude, good luck hitting anything without a fire director.
    In WW2 manual aiming was used only for short range close in air defence, anything longer ranged than a Bofors 40mm was directed, and even those got mk 51 directors by 1944. The need to accurately calculate lead and drop on a moving target is essential, unless the target is within tracer range- typically less than 5k yd.
  2. Tank You
    N-L-M got a reaction from DIADES in Turkish airstrikes on Syrian AFVs   
    5km is approx 16000 ft. At that altitude, good luck hitting anything without a fire director.
    In WW2 manual aiming was used only for short range close in air defence, anything longer ranged than a Bofors 40mm was directed, and even those got mk 51 directors by 1944. The need to accurately calculate lead and drop on a moving target is essential, unless the target is within tracer range- typically less than 5k yd.
  3. Tank You
    N-L-M got a reaction from Beer in Turkish airstrikes on Syrian AFVs   
    5km is approx 16000 ft. At that altitude, good luck hitting anything without a fire director.
    In WW2 manual aiming was used only for short range close in air defence, anything longer ranged than a Bofors 40mm was directed, and even those got mk 51 directors by 1944. The need to accurately calculate lead and drop on a moving target is essential, unless the target is within tracer range- typically less than 5k yd.
  4. Metal
  5. Funny
    N-L-M got a reaction from shaun22sd in United States Military Vehicle General: Guns, G*vins, and Gas Turbines   
    Thanks for posting, I would appreciate it if you could kindly edit out the various video game references.
    Regarding the above, the numbers for the M60 and vanilla M1 are both high, as is the number for the T-62. The rest of the Soviet numbers appear to be similarly made up, so expecting the late model (at the time) Abrams numbers to be anywhere near accurate is... hopelessly optimistic.
  6. Tank You
    N-L-M got a reaction from Ramlaen in United States Military Vehicle General: Guns, G*vins, and Gas Turbines   
    Thats quite the bold assumption to make regarding ease of retrofit of armor package upgrades, should they even be the case.
     
    Considering how that turret has Trophy electronics boxes on it, as well as the cheeks, but for example still only has the older CROWS- I consider it more reasonable to assume its the counterweight for a few reasons-
    1. If that isn't the counterweight, what is? Considering how the Trophy installation is biased aft, youd need a counterweight fore.
    2. A frontal turret armor upgrade, alone, of all the M1A2C upgrades, doesn't make much sense.
    3. While trophy counterweights are known to exist, retrofit armor improvements to older Abrams aren't.
    4. This turret add-on looks substantially different from M1A2C turrets seen. For a start, on those the actual armor cavity was extended forwards, whereas this lump is clearly welded on to the existing turret face, which would mean very poor actual volume for armor inside it.
     
    5. These cheek expansions only appeared after initial Trophy testing which showed turret imbalance issues.
     
  7. Tank You
    N-L-M got a reaction from 2805662 in United States Military Vehicle General: Guns, G*vins, and Gas Turbines   
    Thats quite the bold assumption to make regarding ease of retrofit of armor package upgrades, should they even be the case.
     
    Considering how that turret has Trophy electronics boxes on it, as well as the cheeks, but for example still only has the older CROWS- I consider it more reasonable to assume its the counterweight for a few reasons-
    1. If that isn't the counterweight, what is? Considering how the Trophy installation is biased aft, youd need a counterweight fore.
    2. A frontal turret armor upgrade, alone, of all the M1A2C upgrades, doesn't make much sense.
    3. While trophy counterweights are known to exist, retrofit armor improvements to older Abrams aren't.
    4. This turret add-on looks substantially different from M1A2C turrets seen. For a start, on those the actual armor cavity was extended forwards, whereas this lump is clearly welded on to the existing turret face, which would mean very poor actual volume for armor inside it.
     
    5. These cheek expansions only appeared after initial Trophy testing which showed turret imbalance issues.
     
  8. Tank You
    N-L-M reacted to VPZ in Israeli AFVs   
    https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=iw&tl=en&u=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.israeldefense.co.il%2Fhe%2Fnode%2F41914
  9. Funny
    N-L-M got a reaction from Lord_James in Non-exploding infantry hardware thread.   
    @Sturgeon
    Behold: the electric wheeliebob! Now still 100% incapable of climbing a flight of stairs!
  10. Tank You
    N-L-M reacted to Willy Brandt in StuG III Thread (and also other German vehicles I guess)   
    That would make 579 Pumas.
     
    579/44 equals roughly 13 with 7 to spare.
     
    So 1 for refernce at one of the Testing Centers and 6 at the Training Center together with the 8 Driver Training Vehicles.
     
    Currently there are 9 Active Bataillons and 2 non Active Bataillons.
     
    So you have 2 Bataillon sets of Pumas worth to spare.....
     
    Other tidbits from the Newsletter mainly Engineering related:

    -New System for Minelaying is in the concept phase
    -Introduction in 2028
    -Ability for Friend/Foe Discrimination
    -On/Off Switch

    -New Amphibious Bridging System to replace the M3
    -MLC 100 and in special cases MLC 130 for exceptional Loads
    -600m worth of Vehicles + 160m worth of Vehicles for Training
    -Due to cooperation on the M3 with the Brits there is a possibility of cooperation on developing the succesor system
    -Introduction 2030

    -Replacment of the AEV Dachs
    -Either Kodiak from Rheinmetall or Wisent 2 from FFG
    -Delivery 2026
     
    Source: http://www.fkhev.de/index.php?id=10&L=1%2F'
  11. Funny
  12. Funny
  13. Funny
  14. Tank You
    N-L-M got a reaction from Beer in Syrian conflict.   
    Huh, never noticed this before but it looks like sideskirts 3 and 4 are noticably thinner than sideskirts 1 and 2- looks like only enough thickness for 1 reactive element.
    On early Sabra prototypes there were no reactive sideskirts aft of 1 and 2.
  15. Tank You
    N-L-M reacted to Wiedzmin in Israeli AFVs   
  16. Funny
    N-L-M reacted to Serge in Israeli AFVs   
    A kind of :

  17. Tank You
    N-L-M reacted to Sovngard in Britons are in trouble   
    Vickers Valiant on a muddy track :
     

     
     
    Barr & Stroud LF 11 gunner sight and the Pilkington PE  Condor commander day/night sight :
     

     
     
    Hull ammo rack (30x105 mm) and driver's compartment, the handlebar features a throttle twist grip :
     

     
     
    VR 1000 powerpack comprising the Rolls-Royce CV12TCA Condor 1000 hp engine and the TN 12-1000 automatic transmission :
     

     
    The pyramidal louvers above the transmission are typical of the Valiant.
     
  18. Metal
    N-L-M reacted to Mogensthegreat in Lets talk about languages   
    I haven't posted anything on this website for a great while, so I want to write something to SH's standards of quality and spite in order to properly fill the role of nobility.
     
    The website indoeuropean.eu has a great amount of information on Indo European migrations, unfortunately it has a large and glaring problem. The author of a great deal of its articles is an idiot. His name is Carlos Quiles, and he has created his own theory on the IE expansion, which seems to have a few problems of its own.
     
    The main contention between his "demic diffusion model" and typical systems of logical deduction begins with how it is introduced in his article defending his idea against its opponents, which seems mostly to rest its rhetoric on roulette analogies and not so much on comprehensible evidence.  The general claim here is that the Y-DNA haplogroup R1b represents the Indo-Europeans and R1a represents the Finno-Ugrics. There are a few problems with this theory:
    1. R1b and R1a are clades of the same supergroup, and thus should represent related groups, which, you will note, linguistics shows that the IEs and Finno-Ugrics are not.
    2. The contention of this theory is that, somehow, the Finno-Ugrics teamed up with the Indo-Europeans during their expansion into Europe, and then, when everyone was burninated and pillaged, they just all started speaking Indo-European languages because all populations with majority R1a DNA speak Indo-European Languages and all Finno-Ugric groups have a Y-DNA haplogroup of N, not R1a. This isn't even addressed by Quiles, he just says:
     
    "The Indo-European demic diffusion model was based on a very simple assessment: R1b-M269/L23 and R1a-M417/Z645 lineages expanded with different peoples, associated with different cultures (Yamna-Bell Beaker and Corded Ware) ergo they spoke different languages. Given the later evolution of their cultures in Europe and Asia, tracing these cultures back, their languages had to be necessarily identified with Indo-European and Uralic, respectively, which has very interesting consequences in linguistics, since it helps to select among conflicting theories."
     
    Essentially, 
     
    "Oh yeah here's my idea - different groups so they spoke different languages, but they speak the same language now so that's weird for linguistics huh" The rather low likelihood of an entire group of marauding steppe nomads just happening to give up their unique language to another group of marauding steppe nomads for no real discernible reason is glossed over as well as the fact that the "different cultures" of the Yamna and Corded Ware are nearly identical and also likely derivative.
     
    What Quiles is mainly scoffing at is the idea that the Corded Ware culture (the one in Eastern Europe that shows up after the IEs realize that horses are good for conquering shit) was IE. His evidence for this mainly consists of holding up his own theory as evidence that they weren't IE and that then proves his idea since the strongest shape for logic to be in is a circle. Aside from this, he provides links to his own articles citing genetic studies which he seems to interpret as saying:
     
    1. The Bell Beakers (culture in Western Europe that happens to appear when IEs both realize horses are good at conquering and also physically reach central Europe) are IE.
    2.  The Corded Ware had wives from different cultures.
    3. The ancestors of the modern Finns came from somewhere else.
    4. The IE spread south into Iran/India contains both R1a and R1b genes.
    5. Finno Ugric borrowed IE words therefore they were buddies.
    6. The Southern Caucasus is genetically distinct from the Northern Caucasus.
     
    You'll notice that the either tangential or contradictory nature of these studies to his claim against an Indo-European Corded Ware culture is not particularly compelling, and it is rather mysterious to me how he interprets in the main article linked above that each of these articles is a separate and individually complete confirmation of his theory.
     
    There are more things that Quiles objects to in other articles that I don't care to find again because of his ridiculous naming conventions. He thinks it ridiculous that the Corded Ware culture can be IE since it had a culture too different than the Yamna (ancestral IE group), despite the fact that the CW share the burial practices and pastoral economy of the Yamna. The cultural differences that can exist are easily explained by something simpler than his practice of inventing a new magic group of people that switch genetic lines and languages on the fly. Conquering groups adapt to the practices of the conquered (i.e. Vikings, Mongols, non-penninsulares in Spanish New World colonies), especially when they move into conquered land and take a fuckload of wives from the conquered people (MtDNA of Europe is both IE and preexisting people). The pottery is the best example - "The CW pottery isn't IE so mustn't the whole culture not be IE?????" Well no, when you have a bunch of wives whose people you just finished genociding and looting, what kind of pottery is she going to make? She's going to make the kind she was raised to make or the kind from a fusion of her culture and yours. He did not raise this objection based on difference in pottery when declaring the Bell Beakers Indo-European.
     
    This objection goes hand in hand with his inability to reconcile the idea that both the Bell Beakers and Corded Ware were IE - the article stated something sarcastic like "wow that's dumb - how could the IE invaders change cultures twice???" Here Quiles briefly forgot that the number two exists, and so disregards that the BB and CW people might be separate successor IE cultures.
     
    That's a breakdown of the main support of his theory and his denial of opposition, but there is a much more obvious theory supported even by evidence he provides in his articles that satisfies all questions.
     
    The earliest IE expansion was due to the movement out of a caste of warrior nobles represented by R1b genes (all the IE kurgan burials pre-IE expansion are R1b (i.e. the upper classes were R1b); and the earliest R1 expansion into Europe is R1b). This expansion and the cultural fusion with locals created the Bell Beaker culture which conquered Western Europe. Once all the nobles had moved out and were happy with their new conquering kingdoms, the social structure of the homeland changed and the previous lower castes were moved into the upper classes since there always has to be someone to rule and then this class expanded into Eastern Europe, fusing with the locals to form the Corded Ware culture (CW is R1a and the later R1 expansion is perfectly in line with this). After all of Europe is taken, these two societies (largely culturally homogeneous due to very closely related languages) both expanded into Southeast Asia (there are both very much R1b and very much R1a populations in India/Iran/Pakistan), thus bringing us to the status quo distribution of IE languages and genes.
  19. Metal
    N-L-M reacted to Jeeps_Guns_Tanks in I found my Dads old Navy Slides   
    My Dad was in the Navy from 1965 to 1969. He's been dead since 2000, so there is no asking him for info on this stuff, my mom is around but won't knot much about the Navy details so I am putting this together from memory and whats in the photos.  The slides were not in great shape, and the first set of scans were rough, and then the scanner broke. So, since Amazon didn't have the same model anymore, I spent a little more money and got a much nice scanner, with a better "technology" for film scanning, and it fixes the flaws when it scans them. The results are remarkable.  As far as I know these images were taken with a Minolta 35mm Camera,   I guess an SLR, since he had a bunch of lenses for it. I learned photography with it, and have a few pictures of my GTO I took with his Camera.  This was the type of camera you focuses, and set the light settings, and had to hand wind. Considering how much harder a camera was to work back then, I think my old man was a reasonably talented photographer.
      
    As far as I can remember he went to boot camp in San Diego, then he went to schools for Ejection Seat Maintenance and Air Condition systems on the F4J Phantom. He got assigned to VF-33, part of CAG-6, with  VF-102,  VA-82, VA-86, VA-85, RVAH-13, VAW-122, VAW-13 Det. 66, and VAH-10 Det. 66. CAG-6 was assigned to the USS America, who was about three years old and about to go on a world cruise, that would include the Ships only Vietnam deployment in 1968. When the ship got back, it was stationed on the east coast, and VF-33 went to CAG-7, and ended up on the Independence. My dad was with them for at least one work up cruise, since there are a set of photos from that ship. By mid 69 he was back in San Diego, working with VF-121, the west coast RAG, waiting to get out . I do not have any photos yet from San Diego, at least Navy stuff. 
     
    Here is a shot of the CVA-66 USS America, she displaced 61,174 tons empty, 83,500 full load. She was the second Kitty Hawk Class Carrier,  she would spend the majority of her Career in the Med.  (if the logo for the Sherman Tank Site seems like its in odd places, its usually covering a flaw the scanner could not fix)
     

     
    Here's a VF-33 Phantom. 

    A VF-102 Phantom, an F-4J the same as VF-33. 

     
    Here are some pretty cool shots from an underway replenishment. It could be anywhere on the World cruise in 68. 



     
    I think this is also from an Unrep, maybe the same one.  This photo is one of my favorite, you get an A-7 and Sea Night for the the price of one!

     
    Old shot with bad scanner as a place holder for a duplicate. 

     
    This shot is of the flight deck, by the cats on the angle deck looking forward. Not the kill mark on the intake of the F-4J, 212 sitting there, pretty cool. 

     
     
     
    These last three shots are all from the USS Independence, in early 69, I assume off the East Coast on work ups for their upcoming Med Cruise. 
     

     

     
     

     

    This is my old Man, Rick T, I'm pretty sure that's a Martin Baker Ejection seat right next to him. Several VF-33 Phantoms got shot down, and the seats always worked, so he had that going for him.  This image was scanned on the original scanner, note how cruddy it looks, when get to this slide again, I'll post the improved version. Compare the below image to the one above too. 

     
    I'll posts more as I water mark them and host them. 
     
    There was a crossing of the line ceremony, that my Dad took a ton of pics on, its pretty interesting. 
     
    It was really nice to find these, I had thought hey got lost in a move. 
     
     
     
  20. Metal
    N-L-M got a reaction from DIADES in Israeli AFVs   
    Thats some absolutely atrocious track tension on the second tank.
  21. Tank You
    N-L-M reacted to Ramlaen in NGCV/OMFV. Forwarding to... the past   
    https://breakingdefense.com/2020/01/bradley-replacement-did-army-ask-for-unobtainium/
     
  22. Tank You
    N-L-M reacted to Beer in Get Away, Damnit. (The Camping Thread)   
    Few photos from last weekend taken by my phone. It was all taken around the Orlík dam, which is the biggest in Czechia (by volume, the lake is rather narrow but 64 km long). Currently the water level is kept lowered by some ten meters or so. The castle has the same name Orlík. The road bridge called Žďákovský was finished in 1967 and in that time it had the longest arc of all the bridges of this type in the world. Now not anymore of course. The bridge became infamous in 90' when a gang of murders was throwing bodies of their victims sealed in barrels from the bridge. Anyway strange January... 






  23. Sad
  24. Tank You
    N-L-M reacted to LoooSeR in GLORIOUS T-14 ARMATA PICTURES.   
    Note - Plant No. 9 is cannon-designer/production company.
  25. Tank You
    N-L-M reacted to David Moyes in General AFV Thread   
    Spain voids production contract for Piranha V:

    https://www.ejercitos.org/2019/12/23/defensa-declara-desierto-el-contrato-del-vcr-8x8/
    https://www.ejercitos.org/2019/12/24/vcr-8x8-requiem-por-un-sueno/ 

    Proposal found unsatisfactory on all fronts:
    Non-compliance with technical requirements Failure to comply with the deadlines Lack of integration of industrial components required for hull or the turrets under study Lack of financial guarantees for possible cost overruns in respect of the amount approved as the program's expenditure ceiling  "From the aforementioned DIGAM report it seems that the contract will be submitted to public tender"
    Article mentions that Iveco Freccia could be considered the favourite. VBCI and Boxer other contenders.
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