Jump to content
Sturgeon's House

Anti-air thread: Everything that goes up must come down, and we'll help you go down


Recommended Posts

Quote

   The BAZ-690960 truck with a 10x8 wheel arrangement, which will become the basis for placing the 55P6 transport and launch containers, aka the S-500 Prometey air defense system.

   Photo: © A. Privalov (Automobile catalog)

O-PY9j-Fxn-A

Link to post
Share on other sites
  • Replies 818
  • Created
  • Last Reply

Top Posters In This Topic

Top Posters In This Topic

Popular Posts

Austrian Orelikon 35mm Zwillingsfliegerabwehrkanonen 85 firing     

I know right?!   Also, I love how he's so free with his critiques of the competition threads and our "general knowledge Levels" Along with singing his own praises...   And yet, he'

A bit back to the UAV topic. 

 

I have a feeling that what we see now in NKR (and to some extent what we saw in Syria and Lybia) is something no air defence in the world is actually prepared for. The combination of heavy EW and oversaturation of the AD network with plenty of suicide drones and UCAV looks to me like a real game changer.

 

Even the strongest air force is not an answer to this threat because it simply can not track and hunt every loitering munition. In this regard I think that way too many western countries are prepared even much worse than the eastern ones which traditionally put a lot of emphasis on the ground AD for their field units. A lot is going to change in the following years for sure.

 

Also it would be interesting to know how much are the passive tracking systems (like VERA NG) able to change the situation. That is IMHO one of the few abilities of the existing ground AD networks that the UAVs can not cope with. 

Link to post
Share on other sites

It's more complex IMHO. For example the most common Turkish UCAV, the Bayraktar TB2 can strike such system from outside of its envelope (it flies at roughly 7000 meters and its bombs have 8 km range). I don't think that any single system is an answer but a differently built layered defence than what is used today is necessary. 

Link to post
Share on other sites

   Just a note - around 20 Bayraktar TB2s were shot down in Libya in 2020, in a country that don't have any sort of AA system. 

https://lostarmour.info/libya/item.php?id=24254

 

   Against small UAVs or suicide drones i think we can try to use counter-UAVs. Concept in my mind is a bit like a "fighter plane" UAV that Kalashnikov Concern showed some time ago. It can fly above troops in automatic mode and can receive targeting info from radar station or some sort of man portable optical scanner. System will in theory have short response time, which is important for coverage against kamikadze drones. Also, it can be made into 24/7 system, with at least 1 or more counter-UAVs being always in the air.

 

KAHwiym.jpg

 

Spoiler

z8AYtnZ.jpg

 

   Against MALE type of drones current systems looks like have problems actually detecting them, or at least reliably enough to not have Youtube full of certain types of videos. So i guess main problem is in detection and it is outside of my knowledge on a subject. Russian industry is already made small-sized counter-UAV AA missiles for Pantsir and work is on the way for Tor, to allow much higher "stored kills" vs small sized targets.

 

Link to post
Share on other sites

Sure a lot of UAVs were shot down but that didn't stop them to change the situation on the ground in all Syria, Libya and Nagorno Karabakh. They are usually far cheaper than manned aircraft and expandable. If they are shot down it doesn't hurt the operator a lot, especially in terms of own population approval rate. 

 

I think that the main problem of detection is likely a work of EW units (Koral system possibly). Bayraktar TB2 has 12 meters wingspan. There is IMHO no reason why it shouldn't be normally detectable by the AD radars at a distance reasonably greater than its weapon range. If the enemy is able to disrupt the AD radars, it doesn't matter anymore which type of missiles or cannons you have as all are near useless. 

 

The idea of counter UAVs is interesting and in theory it could work however first it's necessary to solve the problem of detection under heavy EW and also a need to give an armed device a certain level of authonomy which is IMHO very problematic at several levels. If on the other hand such hunter UAV shall be piloted by a human operator it would loose the advantage of being available en masse to cope with mass scale attack. 

 

I don't know how difficult it is but I think that a way could be in massive use of EW also in defence targeting the UAV communication lines. However it may be an issue to design it so that own air operations aren't disrupted as well. Maybe (just thinking loud) the accuracy of passive tracking system localization of an UAV is good enough to create targeted EW attack in its direction to make it loose signal and make it sort of mission kill (or at least win some time to take it down by other means). 

 

EDIT: One more thing. While radar guided systems clearly suffer a lot when exposed to EW, we have also seen Houthis sucessfully taking down several Predators and Reapers by home-made AD systems using IR-guided R-73 and R-27T AA missiles fired from improvised ramps (in daylight and clear sky conditions). I think that currently no ground AD systems able to reach MALE UAVs are equipped with IR seakers but maybe I am wrong. 

 

I mean at least in theory a combination of passive signal tracking (to know where to look) and optical/infrared guidance (to lock the target and engage it) should work against the UAVs even under EW. 

Link to post
Share on other sites

Spain wants to buy 100 second hand Mistral 3 from French stocks.

 

http://www.opex360.com/2020/10/21/lespagne-veut-acquerir-100-missiles-anti-aeriens-mistral-3-doccasion-aupres-de-la-france

 

For 47,8 millions euros those missiles, actually in use by the French army, will be renovated by MBDA and then transferred to Spain.

 

It's becoming a habit lately to take from stocks of the army to sell to export customers who wants to receive their order immediately.

Between the 12 rafales and possibly the first FDI for Greece as well as the Egyptian FREMM all of this makes unexpected holes in our lineup, and the army have then to wade through bureaucratic red tape to get the funds back in order to replace what has been sold.

 

Ultimately it's a good thing since it generates good will with export customers, allow the army to regenerate their equipments at virtually no cost and increase the size of the series for our defense industry. But short terms it create a lot gaps in our capability while tensions are running high lately.

Link to post
Share on other sites
3 hours ago, Alzoc said:

 

/.../

But short terms it create a lot gaps in our capability while tensions are running high lately.

   I don't see situation in nearby future where French army will need high amount of AA systems.

Link to post
Share on other sites
34 minutes ago, LoooSeR said:

   I don't see situation in nearby future where French army will need high amount of AA systems.

 

Granted there is no need at the moment, but I think that those 100 missiles represent about 1/5th of the stock which is significant given our general propension to have barely enough ammo in stock for limited engagement times.

 

If I remember correctly the initial intervention in Libya, almost emptied our ammunition stock and it took two years to bring them back to pre war levels.

 

Spoiler

https://www.lepoint.fr/editos-du-point/jean-guisnel/lecons-logistiques-de-la-guerre-de-libye-14-12-2012-1577006_53.php

 

Were fired in Libya between 03/19/11 and 10/31/11:

 

  • 950 bombs
  • 240 air to ground missiles from planes (15 cruise missiles)
  • 431 HOT missiles from helicopters
  • 3000 shells of 100mm and 76mm in naval bombardment

 

 

Link to post
Share on other sites
On 10/18/2020 at 6:32 AM, Beer said:

It's more complex IMHO. For example the most common Turkish UCAV, the Bayraktar TB2 can strike such system from outside of its envelope (it flies at roughly 7000 meters and its bombs have 8 km range). I don't think that any single system is an answer but a differently built layered defence than what is used today is necessary. 

57mm is your friend

 

VT fuzed or timed for cheaper UAVs

 

guided for longer range,    Bayraktar TB2 at 7000 meters alt and its bombs have 8 km range, is just at the range where a guided naval 57mm would hit, but an guided IFV 57mm would not.

 

lesson from WWII,  for every UAV type threat, a suitable projectile can be developed to deal will it.

 

Link to post
Share on other sites
  • 2 weeks later...

   During Army 2020 this system was shown, for export.

https://saidpvo.livejournal.com/978578.html

50257265426-b281130c6f-b

Quote

   The 98R6Е "Abakan" highly mobile multichannel anti-aircraft missile system for non-strategic missile defense is designed to engage modern and advanced non-strategic ballistic missiles in the defense of strategic important military-industrial facilities, government and administrative buildings of the state.

   The Abakan air defense missile system is integrated into the air defense-missile defense system and ensures the fulfillment of combat missions in the conduct of both autonomous actions and as part of any medium and long-range air defense systems as an additional module that expands the capabilities of the air defense-missile defense group to repel massive attacks by ballistic missiles.

 

Spoiler

50257450422-9e41722bd0-b

 

50260061371-3080f9f10d-b

 

50260249562-84db203604-b

 

50260061536-0485f2c6a2-b

 

50259408023-31e0a883ce-b

 

50260064281-be7f76d1b6-b

 

Quote

Max range of destruction of SRBM - 30 km

Max height of destruction of ballistic targets - 25 km

The number of 9M82MDE SAMs on TEL - 2

SAM preparation time - 7.5 s

Interval between starts - up to 2s

TEL weight with ammunition - 53.5 t

Combat crew - 2 people

Deployment time - no more than 6 minutes

Max travel speed - 60 km/h

Max range on an asphalt road - 500 km

 

Link to post
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.


×
×
  • Create New...