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The General Purpose Archaeology Thread

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Recent findings around Lake Turkana in Kenya reveal tool use by ancient primates ~1 million years before hominids come about. That would be 3.3 million year old tools. It shouldn't be that surprising as chimps and bonobos use tools, but still interesting as it is the earliest known tools found yet.

 

Sometimes there's an unspoken distinction being made between "tool use" as we see in chimpanzees, and "tool manufacture", such as flint-knapping, wood-shaping, etc. Chimps and even many other much less intelligent organisms use tools (hell, ants do), but they do not generally heavily modify elements of their surroundings to be better tools.

Now, I do not know in which sense they mean "tool use" here, but it's worth keeping in mind.

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Russkie archeologists unearthed the 2000 year old grave of an "Amazon" warrior.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3196696/Treasure-trove-warrior-jewellery-unearthed-Russia-Ancient-grave-belongs-woman-worshipped-fire-2-000-years-ago.html

The female Sarmatian warrior was buried with a host of weapons including arrow heads and knives.

Do to the grave's proximity to Ukraine, rumors that Putin will have the Amazon warrior cloned and dispatched to aid rebel forces are all entirely true.

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Not sure if this is worth it's own thread or if it should have been included in the "What is Genocide" thread.

 

Mexican site yields new details of Aztec sacrifice of Spaniards.

 

 

It was one of the worst defeats in one of history's most dramatic conquests: Only a year after Hernan Cortes landed in Mexico, hundreds of people in a Spanish-led convey were captured, sacrificed and apparently eaten.
 

Faced with strange invaders accompanied by unknown animals, the inhabitants of an Aztec-allied town reacted with apparent amazement when they captured the convoy of about 15 Spaniards, 45 foot soldiers who included Cubans of African and Indian descent, women and 350 Indian allies of the Spaniards, including Mayas and other groups.

 

"We have figurines of blacks, of Europeans, that were then intentionally decapitated," said Enrique Martinez, the government archaeologist leading this year's round of excavations at the site, where explorations began in the 1990s.

 

Members of the captured convoy were held prisoner in door-less cells, where they were fed over six months. Little by little, the town sacrificed, and apparently ate, the horses, men and women.

 

But pigs brought by the Spaniards for food were apparently viewed with such suspicion that they were killed whole and left uneaten. "The pigs were sacrificed and hidden in a well, but there is no evidence that they were cooked," Martinez said.

The Spaniards' goods were, on the whole, treated indifferently. A prized and elaborate majolica plate from Europe was tossed into the wells as were the Spaniards' jewelry and their spurs and stirrups, which were of no use to the Indians. A horse's rib bone, however, was prized and carved into a musical instrument.

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Old news and wrong news. It's been beaten to death elsewhere, but basically these were settler's burials, not graves from battles, and the women were settlers not warriors.

But news outlets can't stand to let a good story go, so I'm sure this is one of those myths that will be with us for a long time hence.

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Even in Soviet Russia, circa 500 AD, the Russkies were masters at creating Alt-Accounts.

 

http://siberiantimes.com/science/casestudy/features/f0170-haunting-new-find-of-death-masks-from-ancient-siberian-warrior-race/

 

A crypt with up to 30 burials is giving archeologists fresh insights of intriguing ancient Siberians famed for their death masks which give us a clear idea of how they looked. Made of gypsum, the masks recreate the - at least partially - European look of the people who lived mainly around the Yenesei River.

The funeral system used in this crypt in Kemerovo region shows the burials to have been in the twilight of this race's hold on this part of Siberia between the 2nd century BC and the 6th century AD.

Earlier their bodies were simply buried in the ground. But here at the Shestakovo-3 tomb, the bodies were substantially cremated, leaving only large bones. Then the remains were put inside dummy bodies made of leather or fabric.

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So did you ever find yourself wondering if the monks who copied 13th Century Bibles that were printed on "uterine vellum" really did use the skins of fetal calves? Well you're in luck! Science may have an answer.

 

http://www.york.ac.uk/news-and-events/news/2015/research/pocket-bible-parchment/

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The building I took my Archaeological course in went through renovation and they found some forgotten graves beneath the building. The building was built in the early 20th century over a section of the adjacent cemetery and most families moved their ancestors out of the graves, but some weren't due to whatever reason.


SnWrIse.jpg

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Archaeologists dig up Tied's Great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-granddaddy's weapon cache.

 

http://phys.org/news/2016-01-archaeologists-unearth-military-arsenal-era.html

 

The remains of around 60 village buildings were uncovered during the dig. On the western side of the former village, archaeologists unearthed a building with a very large underground timber-lined storehouse, uncovering the remains of a large private arsenal. They found helmets stored in leather boxes, kolchugs (a kind of cuirass), sections of military sabres, belts, and arrows and more. It seems possible that this was a cache of weapons for a military expedition, stored in special boxes, including even sections of camp tents and billy cans. This warlike inventory, along with the status of its owner, probably indicated the existence of a standing army of troops in readiness, who were armed, billeted and fed at the cost of members of the nobility as part of their responsibility as courtiers.

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The earliest known depiction of a volcanic eruption may have been discovered among a series a cave paintings in France. 

 

3BCPLosOneRaw_web.jpg

 

 

Fearsome animals such as woolly rhinoceroses, cave lions and bears dominate Chauvet’s imagery. But one of its innermost galleries — named after a giant deer species, Megaloceros, that is depicted there — also contains a series of mysterious spray-shaped drawings, partly covered by theMegaloceros painting. A nearby gallery holds similar spray imagery, as does a wall near the cave’s original entrance, but researchers have not determined what the images represent.

 

...

 

...

 

Also...

 

redbears.jpg

 

Oookkk. Oookkk. BAAAEEEYYYEEERRR NOOOOOOO!!!

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Yeah. I saw that article. Makes you feel sad for the poor bloody beggers on the receiving end. Although there's no telling the context of the massacre.

Humans are a violent lot.  I get the distinct feeling that we always will be.

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